Interpretation of "made in China 2025": how to develop electric power equipment?
year plan of action for the Chinese government to implement the strategy of making a strong country. Around the strategic goal of achieving a strong manufacturing power, "made in China 2025" has defined 9 strategic tasks and priorities, and put forward 8 strategic support and protection. Among them, the power equipment is the basis for energy security and stable supply and the sustained and healthy development of the national economy, including power generation equipment, transmission and transformation equipment, distribution equipment and so on.
First, major achievements
After more than 30 years of reform and opening up, especially in the last 10 years, China's power equipment manufacturing industry has made great changes, and has formed an industrial system with complete categories, large scale and a certain level of technology.
(1) the output of power equipment is the first in the world
Since 2006, the annual output of power generation equipment in China has exceeded 100 million kilowatts for 9 years, accounting for more than 50% of the output of power generation equipment in the world. By the end of 2014, the installed capacity of power generation equipment in China was 1 billion 360 million kilowatts, which has exceeded the United States as the first in the world.
Since 2008, the annual output of transformers has been over 10 billion KVA for 7 consecutive years, and the length of transmission lines of 220 thousand volts and above is 578 thousand and 900 km, ranking first in the world.
China has become a great power equipment manufacturing country. In 2014, the total industrial output value of the power equipment manufacturing industry was over 5 trillion, the main business income was 5 trillion and 330 billion yuan, the profit was 311 billion 200 million yuan, and the total import and export was $164 billion 900 million.
(two) the technical level of power equipment is continuously improved
The power equipment, such as the large power generation equipment, the UHV transmission and transformation complete equipment, the smart grid equipment and so on, has reached the international leading level, including the important technical equipment and products, including:
Power generation equipment: 1000 megawatt super supercritical thermal power units, 700 megawatts and above hydroelectric units, 1000 MW nuclear motor units, and 300 megawatt F grade heavy gas turbine.
Power transmission and transformation equipment: 1 million volt high voltage AC transmission complete equipment, 800 thousand vvdc HVDC complete set of equipment, smart grid for transmission and transformation equipment.
Key core components: ultra supercritical thermal power unit and large nuclear power unit with safety valve, large generator protection circuit breaker, 5 inch 7200 volt /3000 an, 6 inch 8500 volt /4000 ~ 4750 electric thyristor, 5 inch 7500 volt /3125 light control thyristor, + 800 thousand volt and below voltage grade DC transmission valve.
(three) electric power equipment has significantly enhanced the capacity of major national projects.
After more than 30 years of unremitting efforts, adhering to the combination of "production, learning, research and use", we have successfully developed a batch of power equipment suitable for China's national conditions and international leadership through the introduction of technology and technology. It has been applied to the supercritical thermal power project of 600 megawatts in Qinbei, Henan, and 10000 megawatts in Yuhuan in Zhejiang. Thermal power project, Ningxia Lingwu 1000 megawatt ultra supercritical air cooling thermal power project, Sichuan white horse super supercritical circulation vulcanization bed project, Three Gorges hydropower project, Xiluodu hydropower project, Xiangjiaba hydropower project, Lingao two phase nuclear power project, three nuclear power project, Guanting Lanzhou East + 750 thousand volt AC transmission and transformation project, Southeast Shanxi Province Nanyang Jingmen 1 million volt high voltage AC transmission project, Yunnan Guangdong + 800 thousand volt high voltage direct current transmission project, to Jiaba Shanghai + 800 thousand volt HVDC power transmission project, and other major national projects, effectively ensure the smooth implementation of the national energy strategy of "west to East power transmission".
Two. The situation facing
The world economy is still in the deep adjustment period after the international financial crisis, and the overall recovery is weak. China's economy is evolving to a more advanced stage, a more complex division of labor and a more rational structure. Therefore, scientific analysis and understanding of the development trend of electric power equipment is of great significance for the sustained and healthy development of the industry.
(1) the new normal requirement of economic development requires that the electric equipment manufacturing industry must transform to the quality and benefit type.
The new normality of China's economic development is mainly manifested in that the speed of economic growth is turning from high speed to middle and high speed. The way of development is shifting from extensive and extensive growth to intensive and efficient growth. The economic structure is changing from the increment expansion to the depth adjustment of the adjustment of the stock and the optimal increment, and the development motive is from the traditional growth. Point to a new point of growth.
Faced with the double pressure, the power equipment manufacturing industry needs to transform from low cost competitive advantage to quality benefit competitive advantage. We should adhere to quality and benefit as the center, avoid duplication of construction and homogenization and low level expansion, dissolve surplus and backward production capacity, promote quality and increase efficiency, persist in improving product quality and brand image, vigorously implement product quality control, quality credit evaluation and brand promotion strategy, and constantly improve product added value and brand price. We should actively adopt new technology, new technology and new business model, improve the management level of product quality, dig into potential, shorten the cycle of product upgrading, improve the competitiveness of enterprises and take a sustainable and healthy development road.
(two) the new round of technological revolution and industrial transformation require that the electric equipment manufacturing industry must transform to intellectualization.
The new round of technological revolution and industrial transformation are in the pipeline. Intelligent manufacturing is increasingly becoming an important direction of production mode transformation. In Germany, the "industrial 4" plan will be realized through the integration of Internet, high-tech, large data, virtual manufacturing information technology and solid manufacturing technology to realize intelligent manufacturing. The United States has released the "revitalization of the American manufacturing industry framework", "manufacturing Promotion Act" and "advanced manufacturing Partnership Plan", mainly supporting clean energy.